Government fails to act on cross-party recommendations to reduce the gender pay gap
21st February 2017
The Government will fail to achieve its goal of eliminating the gender pay gap in a generation if it continues to ignore the evidence put before it, says a cross-party committee of MPs. The Women and Equalities Committee raises concerns that the Government is not effectively tackling the structural causes of the gender pay gap, as it publishes the Government’s response to its recommendations today. The Committee’s report and recommendations were published in March 2016 and received a Government response in January 2017.
The Committee is also launching a web forum today for stakeholders, including researchers, business-people and members of the public, to respond to the reasons given by the Government for not implementing the Committee’s recommendations.
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New briefing on the gender pay gap in Scotland
To inform the recently announced inquiry into the gender pay gap in Scotland, the Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICE) has produced a briefing on the gender pay gap in Scotland. The briefing looks at data on pay by gender from this year’s Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) (ONS 2016a) produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).
Key points from the SPICE briefing are:
- When comparing median or typical pay for all employees men make more money than women. The pay gap for all employees in Scotland is 15.6 per cent compared to 18.1 per cent in the UK.
- The gender pay gap in Scotland for full time employees is 6.2 per cent, lower than the UK overall at 9.4 per cent.
- Since 1997 the gender pay gap in Scotland for full-time employees has fallen from 18.4 per cent to 6.2 per cent.
- Women are paid more than men for part-time work when comparing the median or typical pay.
- When looking at median pay, women across most age groups are paid less than men. The pay gap increases for women over the age of 40. Between the ages of 30 and 39 women are paid more than men.
- When looking at occupations, the largest pay gaps are found in skilled trades and management.
The briefing also suggests reasons for the differences between Scotland and the rest of the UK.
- The top 10 per cent of earners in Scotland earn below the UK average for top earners. As the highest earners tend to be men this will contribute to the overall pay gap being lower. For example, London and the South East have the highest income for the top 10 per cent of earners and have the second and third highest pay gaps respectively.
- Scotland has the second highest proportion of people who work in the public sector in the UK – as the pay gap in the private sector is higher than in the public sector the higher proportion of people working in the public sector will contribute to having a smaller pay gap.
You can read the full briefing here.